A comprehensive JAMA study published earlier this year (Associations of Dietary Cholesterol or Egg Consumption With Incident Cardiovascular Disease and Mortality, 2019) contradicts the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee’s current ruling on the negative long-term health effects of consuming cholesterol, specifically in the form of eggs. The Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee ruled in 2015 that consumption of cholesterol -- and by association of eggs -- did not pose a significant risk of cardiovascular disease. This ruling stands until 2020, as the Committee revisits and revises its ruling on dietary health every five years.
Mubashar A. Choudry M.D., F.A.C.C., Chief Medical Officer, Washington Cardiovascular Institute reiterates (based on the findings of the study), that an intake of an extra 300mg a day of dietary cholesterol increases your risk of heart disease by 3.2% and your risk of early death by 4.4%, as stated in the previous article Not My Father’s Food Pyramid.
The Committee cited a “shift in thinking” in regards to its absence of a cautionary ruling on eating foods high in cholesterol back in 2015, stating that the evidence against cholesterol was “weak.” And while this may have been the case four years ago, Dr. Choudry supports the consideration of this year’s JAMA study by the Committee when making their ruling on cholesterol consumption next year. The study provides clear scientific evidence that even an incremental increase in consumption of cholesterol (and eggs for that matter) is detrimental to long-term cardiovascular health, and should be taken into account when providing a cautionary ruling on cholesterol consumption in the future.